Cultural anthropology which deals with human biology

Prompt A:

This research falls under cultural anthropology which deals with human biology and behavior in the past and present, with an emphasis on the evolutionary processes that shape them. This field of study encompasses a wide range of topics such as the study of human fossils, the genetic and physiological differences between human populations, the relationship between biology and culture, and the adaptation of humans to different environments.


Prompt B:

This research falls under archaeology anthropology which studies past human societies by analyzing the physical remnants of those societies, including artifacts, structures, and other environmental evidence. It covers the study of human history from the earliest human origins to recent historical periods, which allows archaeologists to reconstruct and understand the diverse range of human societies. The anthropologist in question is using this method to investigate the effects of the Spanish missionization of Native Californians between 1776 and 1830, with a particular focus on how the native population navigated their cultural identity and retained traditional practices while dealing with the colonial forces.


Prompt C:

This research falls under cultural anthropology. Is a discipline within anthropology that studies the aspects of culture in human societies, including beliefs, customs, social organization, and material culture. As a discipline, it offers a holistic approach to understanding human society, culture, and behavior. In this research, the methods of cultural anthropology are applicable in understanding the impact of gender communication on family interactions.  Moreover, by focusing on one specific aspect of culture which is communication, and how it impacts relationships within a family, the anthropologist can gain a better insight into how gender roles and expectations may shape the communication and interactions within the family setting.


Prompt D:

This research falls under biological anthropology. Briefly, it explores the relationship between human biology, culture, and environment. The goal of biological anthropology is to examine and understand the patterns of human evolution and the biological and cultural factors that have shaped human populations over time. By comparing the amount of genetic variation present in Y-chromosomes from different groups of men, anthropologists can infer when and how those populations diverged from one another and can gain insight into the patterns of human migration throughout history.



Prompt A

  • The primary anthropological field of this prompt is Cultural Anthropology. The first sentence of the prompt clearly states that “Anthropologists have studied the role of soybean curd and its related by-productions in the culture of Hong Kong” By asking questions about the importance of soybeans and how they are obtained as well as their nutritional value, these anthropologists are collecting data from present and past uses of soybeans. The researchers are also comparing their cultures’ use of soybeans to a global consumption which is one of the main focuses of cultural anthropology, to focus on similarities and differences among societies.

Prompt B

  • The primary anthropological field of this prompt is Archaeology. Archeologists focus on items of the past. Not only are the anthropologists researching events of the past but they are searching for discovering artifacts of this time period to include into their research. The goal of the anthropologists of this prompt is to not only understand how Native Americans were impacted by Spanish missionization, but also to use their newfound artifacts to understand the life of the people who the items once belonged to. This means that the secondary field would be Cultural Anthropology.

Prompt C

  • The primary anthropological field of this prompt is Linguistic Anthropology. Linguistic Anthropology focuses on “the relationships between language, thought, and culture.” As stated in chapter 1.1.2 The subdisciplines of the LibreTexts text book. The prompt focuses on explaining a research done on how genders communicate differently. Studies of recorded conversations and documentary footage of interactions are being used which are all forms of language.

Prompt D

  • The primary anthropological field of this prompt is Biological Anthropology. Biological Anthropology focuses on the evolution of humans. The anthropologists in this prompt are studying the Y- Chromosome to understand the start of humans and their migration through the world. They are studying the biology of humans to conduct their research.
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