What are the cognitive advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism?

What are cognitive and other benefits of bilingualism?

Bilingual people enjoy advantages: they have enriched cognitive control, it’s likely that they have improved metalinguistic awareness, as well as better memory, visual-spatial skills and even creativity. There are also social benefits from being bilingual.

What are the cognitive advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism?. Bilingual individuals have been shown to be more creative and better at planning and solving complex problems than monolinguals.  The effects of aging on the brain are diminished among bilingual adults.  In one study, the onset of dementia was delayed by 4 years in bilinguals compared to monolinguals with dementia.
What are cognitive benefits?

12 2.3 Cognitive Benefits

Such benefits include, but are not limited to: heightened academic performance, improved brain function, and reduced risk of age-related cognitive impairment and disease.

What are the cognitive disadvantages of bilingualism?
Some of these challenges are language fluency delay, mixing languages, dominance of one another over the other, reading and writing, being passively bilingual, prejudice, cultural and religious biases amongst others.

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